Publication Ethics

COPE Flowcharts

COPE flowcharts have contributed greatly to the understanding of editors concerning what kind of problems they might experience and how to handle them in a fair and just manner.
By the same token, they also provide important insights for authors to understand many aspects of the publishing process. We encourage all authors to review the flowcharts.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

What to do if you suspect redundant (duplicate) publication

What to do if you suspect plagiarism

What to do if you suspect fabricated data

Changes in authorship

What to do if you suspect ghost, guest or gift authorship
(see also flowcharts on Changes in authorship, as such requests may indicate the presence of a ghost or gift author)
PDF

How to spot authorship problems PDF

What to do if a reviewer suspects undisclosed conflict of interest (Col) in a submitted manuscript PDF

What to do if a reader suspects undisclosed conflict of interest (Col) in a published article PDF

What to do if you suspect an ethical problem with a submitted manuscript PDF

What to do if you suspect a reviewer has appropriated an author's ideas or data PDF